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By John K. Thornton

Precis: A Cultural background of the Atlantic global, 1250–1820 explores the concept that powerful hyperlinks exist within the histories of Africa, Europe and North and South the United States. John okay. Thornton offers a complete assessment of the heritage of the Atlantic Basin earlier than 1830 by means of describing political, social and cultural interactions among the continents' population. He lines the backgrounds of the populations on those 3 continental landmasses introduced into touch by means of ecu navigation. Thornton then examines the political and social implications of the encounters, tracing the origins of a number of Atlantic societies and exhibiting how new methods of consuming, ingesting, conversing and worshipping built within the newly created Atlantic global. This e-book makes use of shut readings of unique resources to provide new interpretations of its topic.

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Reclamação” in Cortes, 1472, Brásio, Monumenta 2nd series, 1: 451–454. 50 De Barros, Ásia, Dec. 1, Book 2, cap. 2, fol. 22. Although de Barros’ description of the coat of arms says the figures were “negros” and hence male, a sixteenth-century illustration of coats of arms, the Livro de Nobreza of António Godinho, has them as women, illustrated in Brásio, Monumenta, 2nd series, vol. 1, facing p. 440. 48 49 24 The Atlantic Background widespread attacks on Portuguese positions by Spanish ships, and armed fleets began to visit the Gold Coast to get their share of the profits.

34. 31 The Formation of the Atlantic World, 1250–1600 19 to Portuguese colonization of the Azores. 36 The islands, colonized later in the fifteenth century, still managed to produce some sugar and wheat for Portuguese and European markets. The prospect of finding more islands like Madeira would lead to the Atlantic wing of European expansion, aimed primarily at locating islands. 37 Maps of the late fifteenth century placed several islands just beyond the Azores in the midAtlantic bearing names like “Brazil” and “Antilla,” probably imaginary places that would subsequently be bestowed on American locations.

23 The grain trade drew more shipping into the waters off the coast of Portugal and Morocco, and with the increase in shipping came an increased chance of accidental discovery. In 1312, in fact, a Genoese merchant Lanzarotto Malocello, bound for northern Europe, was blown off course and found himself in the Canary Islands. Malocello, who had interests in cloth as well as grain, noticed that the rocks of the island had deposits of orchil, a lichen used for making a fast blue dye. He decided to return and exploit these sources, as well as do whatever business there might be with the inhabitants of the islands.

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