By Asami Miketa, Keywan Riahi, Richard Alexander Roehrl, Leo Schrattenholzer
Sustainable improvement and worldwide weather switch have figured prominently in clinical research and foreign policymaking because the early Nineteen Nineties. This ebook formulates expertise ideas that may result in environmentally sustainable power platforms, according to an research of worldwide weather swap concerns utilizing the concept that of sustainable improvement. The authors concentrate on environmentally appropriate, long term know-how advancements in the international power procedure, whereas additionally contemplating facets of monetary and social sustainability. The authors study loads of replacement eventualities and illustrate the diversities among those who meet the standards for sustainable improvement and those who don't. due to their research, they determine various promising socio-economic and environmental improvement paths which are in step with sustainable improvement. One sustainable-development state of affairs and its coverage implications are then awarded intimately from a know-how switch viewpoint. The authors suggest formidable goals for expertise adoption which are judged to accomplish the specified socio-economic and environmental objectives. even though the optimum coverage combine to pursue those objectives is obviously country-specific, the authors recommend that energy-related R&D that results in know-how functionality advancements and the merchandising of know-how adoption in area of interest markets are the coverage thoughts in order to yield the main major long term advantages. Policymakers, economists and researchers engaged on sustainability, strength economics, and expertise swap and innovation will welcome this topical and hugely readable ebook.
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Extra info for Achieving a sustainable global energy system: identifying possibilities using long-term energy scenarios
In many high-impact and in some mitigation scenarios, advanced fossil-based technologies become an important option by 2100. In the mitigation scenarios, this option generally includes carbon scrubbing. Accordingly, the ranges for fossil-based fuel cells, for gas combined-cycle and for advanced coal technologies (for example, IGCC) are particularly wide in these two scenario sets. The sustainable-development (SD) scenarios feature much more narrow ranges for the future market shares of fossil-fuel power plants than the other 44 Achieving a sustainable global energy system two scenario sets.
4. 5. 4 RESULTS OF ALL THREE SCENARIO SETS The overall supply characteristics of an E3 scenario are best illustrated in a so-called ‘energy triangle’. 35 352 1213 2021 352 837 755 352 911 1157 352 819 714 352 1040 1859 352 601 881 352 601 880 Key: EJ = Exajoules; GtC = Gigatons of carbon; K = Degrees Kelvin; MtS = Million tons of sulphur; ppmv = parts per million by volume. Notes: a Ratio of percapita incomes between developing and industrialized regions. 4 K. d Note that the WEC A3 scenario has been classified as a sustainable development scenario mainly because of its environmental sustainability.
In diﬀerent world regions, the economic and technical potentials for the zero-carbon options such as hydropower, wind, solar and biomass can diﬀer quite substantially (for example, the solar-energy potential in the Sahara is much larger than in more northerly regions). We argue that, overall, the scenario results suggest a ‘robust’ mix of future carbon-free technologies in the electricity sector. The robustness is the highest in sustainable-development scenarios, followed by the CO2 mitigation scenarios and the high-impact scenarios.