Download Across Atlantic Ice: The Origin of America's Clovis Culture by Dennis J. Stanford PDF

By Dennis J. Stanford

Who have been the 1st people to inhabit North the USA? in keeping with the now known tale, mammal hunters entered the continent a few 12,000 years in the past through a land bridge that spanned the Bering Sea. detailed stone instruments belonging to the Clovis tradition tested the presence of those early New international humans. yet are the Clovis instruments Asian in beginning? Drawing from unique archaeological research, paleoclimatic examine, and genetic reviews, famous archaeologists Dennis J. Stanford and Bruce A. Bradley problem the previous narrative and, within the strategy, counter traditional—and usually subjective—approaches to archaeological trying out for historic relatedness. The authors observe rigorous scholarship to a speculation that locations the technological antecedents of Clovis in Europe and posits that the 1st american citizens crossed the Atlantic by way of boat and arrived prior to formerly notion. providing archaeological and oceanographic facts to aid this statement, the booklet dismantles the outdated paradigm whereas persuasively linking Clovis know-how with the tradition of the Solutrean those who occupied France and Spain greater than 20,000 years ago.

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Several decades earlier E. F. 20 Most archaeologists of the time rejected Greenman’s hypothesis because of his inconclusive and indiscriminate comparisons of North American and European technologies of multiple time periods over vast geographic areas, and no one since that time had taken the issue seriously enough to conduct in-depth comparisons of the Paleolithic technologies of Europe and North America. Moreover, presumptions about genetic relationships based on physical similarities of modern Native Americans and northeast Asians were still strong, and evidence of Paleolithic travelers across the Atlantic still weak.

9. 10. 11. 12. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 1. 2. 3. 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. S. 2. 3. 58 million years BP Pliocene-Quaternary (current ice age) glaciation began FOREWORD Across Atlantic Ice is an account of two complex and treacherous journeys, one long ago and the other very recent. One is postulated to have occurred across a perilous mosaic of periglacial environments of the Northern Hemisphere during the peak of the last major glaciation some eighteen or twenty millennia ago.

Replica of a Siberian compound knife from the Kokorevo Site, with Dyuktai microblade core and microblade: (a) obverse side of microblade core and blade; (b) reverse side of microblade core and microblade; (c) microblade broken into sections, with arrows showing where the uncurved middle section is inset into the slotted bone knife; (d) edge view of knife; (e) side view of knife. 15 But the idea proved difficult to support, for lack of artifactual evidence. Boats, unlike stone points, are fragile and unlikely to survive thousands of years; even if they did, most places one is likely to find them are now hundreds of feet below sea level.

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