Download Anthropoid Origins: New Visions by Callum F. Ross, Richard F. Kay PDF

By Callum F. Ross, Richard F. Kay

This moment variation should be an edited quantity of curiosity to those that do examine and train concerning the evolution of primates. It goals to express to primatologists, anthropologists, palaeontologists, and neuroscientists the newest reports of primate phylogeny, the anthropoid fossil list, the evolution of the primate visible procedure, and the beginning of the anthropoid social structures. This identify features a CD-ROM and colour figures.

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He envisaged primate evolution beginning with a diverse early Euramerican radiation of Paleocene and Eocene prosimians. The majority of these subsequently became extinct; some survived to radiate in the "asylum" of Madagascar, some specialized into tarsiers, some invaded South America to evolve into and radiate as ceboids, and two lineages entered Africa and evolved separately into cercopithecoids and hominoids. Like Osborn, Simpson thought that parallel evolution was extremely common ("In the most restricted sense virtually all evolution involves parallelism" [Simpson, 1945, p.

Wood Jones, explained primate evolution and diversification as the logical extension of the trends that distinguished primates from other mammals: plasticity of behavior and an ability to learn (Smith ), and a tendency to transfer weight to the hindlimbs, leading to emancipation of the forelimb (Wood Jones ). The most important result of this common belief in orthogenetic trends, and its associated assumption of widespread parallelism, was its influence on the works of Wilfred E. Le Gros Clark, the founder of modern primatology (Cartmill, 1982).

The only way to shorten the branch lengths of the extant primate clades is to discover new fossils; this fact suggests that both molecular and morphological data will be needed to resolve the question of basal primate cladogenesis. , 1999), and the suggestion that primates might have been distinct in the Cretaceous (Martin, 1993), have raised the possibility that the anthropoid stem lineage (Beard and MacPhee, 1994; Culotta, 1992; Fleagle and Kay, 1994b; Godinot, 1994), or the common lineage of tarsiers and anthropoids (Ross, 2000), branched off prior to the diversification of omomyiforms and adapiforms in the early Eocene.

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